Qualitative and quantitative determination of phytochemicals from flowers of Spanish Cherry tree

  • Vineeta Singh Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India
  • Anita Rao Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India
  • Shipra Pandey Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India
  • Vaibhav Sharan Pandey Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India
  • Vageshwari Vageshwari Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India
  • Neha Tiwari Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India
  • V. N. Pandey Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Abstract

The present enquiry was intended to analyze the phytochemicals qualitatively and quantitatively from flowers of Spanish cherry tree. Flower powder was extracted using polar and nonpolar solvent by soxhlet apparatus. Percentage yield of crude extracts was determined and further the extracts were subjected to analyze the phytochemicals qualitatively and quantitatively by standard procedure. Qualitative analysis showed the absence of alkaloids while presences of tannins, saponins, terpenoids, steroids, glycosides, flavonoids, phenols. Quantitative estimation of phytochemicals was determined using standard curve. Result revealed that the tannin content was 4.3±0.01 (mgTAE /gm), flavanols content was 0.28±0.05 (mgQE/gm). Saponins content was 3.6±0.7 % and terpenoids content was 1.47±0.37 %. A well conducted studies on phytochemicals revealed that they are vital for humans because they provide protection against a variety of ailments. Therefore, the present study is aimed to analyze phytochemicals qualitatively and quantitatively.


Keywords: Phytochemicals, Tannins, Saponins, Flavanols, Terpenoids

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Author Biographies

Vineeta Singh, Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Anita Rao, Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Shipra Pandey, Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Vaibhav Sharan Pandey, Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Vageshwari Vageshwari, Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Neha Tiwari, Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

V. N. Pandey, Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

Experimental Botany and Nutraceutical Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur - 273009, (U.P.) India

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1.
Singh V, Rao A, Pandey S, Pandey VS, Vageshwari V, Tiwari N, Pandey VN. Qualitative and quantitative determination of phytochemicals from flowers of Spanish Cherry tree. JDDT [Internet]. 15Dec.2018 [cited 22Feb.2024];8(6-s):182-6. Available from: https://www.jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/2108