The Role of Regenerative Medicine in Wound Healing in Cases of Vesicovaginal Fistulae
Background: Post-surgical wound healing in cases of vesicovaginal fistulae is a challenge because it is related to infection prevention and the long-term well-being of women.
Aim: The aim of this research was to critically review the application of regenerative medicine in wound healing. The next aim was to look in depth to see whether regenerative medicine strategies have a place in the future of wound healing in a clinical setting. More specifically, to see if these strategies would apply for vesico vaginal fistulae case in the field of urogynecology.
Method: A narrative literature review examines several previous research published at the last 5 years, containing keywords, namely vesicovaginal fistulae, regenerative medicine, wound healing. We used databases from Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus Database.
Results: A vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal communication between the bladder and the vagina. There are currently no precise guidelines for the postoperative management of patients after fistula repair. Transvaginal surgical procedures are a common solution for vesicovaginal fistulas. In wound healing, more attention is needed because of the risk of infection especially wound healing in the area of the reproductive organs. It should also be noted that stress urinary incontinence is a common complication. Several studies have initiated the trial process of regenerative medicine for using in urogynecological cases.
Conclusion: In the management of vesico vaginal fistula cases, regenerative medicine can be a solution in postoperative care but still needs further development and standardization.
Keywords: placenta, urogynecology, regenerative medicine
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