Lantana camara: Secondary Metabolite Isolation by Analytical Techniques
The Plant Lantana camara belongs to the family Verbenaceae, have always been an important source of phytomedicinal agents since ancient times, Until today, it continue to provide modern medicine with novel treatments and to support to identify and isolate compounds from Indian flora with potential biological activity and medicinal value. It has been reported to be used in folk remedies For instance, used for antibacterial, antiulcer, antioxidant, and also treatment for malaria, rheumatisms, asthma, tumors. Many Literature review and phytochemical investigations have been done on this plant, reported to contain various compounds like triterpenoids, proteins, carbohydrates, lactones, furfural, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, steroids.
The ethanolic extract were subjected for column chromatography for the isolation of secondary metabolites by using stationary phase as silica gel with mesh number of 230-400 and the mobile phase was 20% & 30% ethyl acetate/hexane. The Functional groups, structural analysis of the isolated metabolites identified from IR spectrum resembled functional groups of flavonoid chemical structure, Yellow color is characteristic of flavonoids.
Keywords: Lantana camara, secondary metabolites, Column chromatography, TLC, IR spectroscopy.
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