Bioactive Compounds in the Peripheral Layers of Barley and Triticale Species in the Mature Grain Cultivated in Algeria

  • Rawda Benguella Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
  • Samira Meziani Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
  • Ibtissam Ghueffari Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
  • Norddine Menadi Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
  • Fatima Zohra Chenni Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
  • Lahouaria Labga Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
  • Souad Saidani Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
  • Samir Barak Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria
  • Mohammed Aissaouia Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria
  • N.M. Rahmoun Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria
  • Abassia Demmouche Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Abstract

The present study designed to determine in compositions of peripheral layer (PL) from barley and triticale. The peripheral layer is a co-product of the grain mill, it represents with the flour and the germ one of the three fractions of the milling, it is used for the chemical protection of the endosperm and the germ. Phytochemicals (phenolic compounds, vitamins and minerals) are beneficial for the health of consumers and are found abundantly in the peripheral layer of cereals. The objective of our work consists an evaluation of the phytochemical value for peripheral layers, the evaluation of the antioxidant content and the antioxidant activity of two varieties of two species of cereal in mature grain: triticale (Ksar Sbahi, Beni Haroun) and barley (Fouara, Saida); from two different regions (Sidi Bel Abbes and Constantine). Finally a comparative study was found in this work. The results obtained show that the variety of each species Triticale (Ksar Sbahi), barley (Fouara) have the highest content of polyphenol and flavonoid (0.027 mg (EAG)/g; 0.019 mg EC/g) and (0.012 mg (EAG)/g; 0.013 mg EC/g), respectively, for the antioxidant activity barley Fouara 1.91 mg/ml shows the best activity against the DPPH radical, a high level of minerals has been observed for the triticale species and a higher level of sodium for the Fouara variety of barley 33.78 mg/l. We are planning additional studies to better characterize the nature of the polyphenolic compounds existing in different histological parts of the wheat grain.


Keywords: Barley, Triticale, Peripheral layer, Polyphenols, Antioxidant activity,

Keywords: Barley, Triticale, Peripheral layer, Polyphenols, Antioxidant activity

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Author Biographies

Rawda Benguella, Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Samira Meziani, Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Ibtissam Ghueffari, Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Norddine Menadi, Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Fatima Zohra Chenni, Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Lahouaria Labga, Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Souad Saidani, Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Samir Barak, Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria

Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria

Mohammed Aissaouia, Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria

Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria

N.M. Rahmoun, Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria

Antibiotics Antifungal Laboratory: Physico-Chemistry, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, Aboubekr Belkaid-Tlemcen University, B.P. 119 Imama 13000, Algeria

Abassia Demmouche, Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Laboratory of Biotoxicology. Department of Biology-Faculty of Life Science and Nature. Djillali Liabes University. Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

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Benguella R, Meziani S, Ghueffari I, Menadi N, Chenni FZ, Labga L, Saidani S, Barak S, Aissaouia M, Rahmoun N, Demmouche A. Bioactive Compounds in the Peripheral Layers of Barley and Triticale Species in the Mature Grain Cultivated in Algeria. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jul.2020 [cited 29Sep.2020];10(4):37-3. Available from: http://www.jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/4206

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