Preliminary Phytochemical and GC-MS Analyses of Methanolic Extract of Blechnum orientale L. Collected From Kothiyar, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India
The aim of the study was to screen the phytochemicals of methanolic extract of Blechnum orientale L. collected from Kothiyar, located in Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu, India. The preliminary phytochemical analysis was carried out by Harborne method, followed by GC-MS analysis. In the preliminary phytochemical analysis of Blechnum orientale L., the presence of twelve different types of secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, anthocyanin, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, coumarin, diterpenes, emodins, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, tannins and triterpenoids were reported in methanolic extract. GC-MS spectrum of methanolic extract of Blechnum orientale L. showed 20 different major peaks which indicated the presence of 20 compounds. The prevailing compounds in methanol extract were toluene (1.927min), thiazole, 4,5-dihydro-2-methyl- (2.249min), ethylbenzene (2.466min), benzene, 1,3-dimethyl- (2.523min), phosphine, acetyldimethyl- (2.684min), guanethidine (4.584min), 2-propanamine, n-methyl-n-nitroso- (5.303min), 4h-pyran-4-one, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl- (5.435min), diethylene glycol hexyl ether (6.333min), 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid, nonyl ester (6.655min), 8-thiabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-2-ene (7.156min), 4h-pyrazole, 3-tert-butylsulfanyl-4,4-bistrifluoromethyl- (9.217min), 1,3-benzenediol, 4-propyl- (11.250min), cyclohexanone, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)- (13.775min), 2,4-hexadienal, (E,E)- (14.210min), n-hexadecanoic acid (14.966min), phytol (16.451min), 2(1h)-naphthalenone, octahydro-4a-methyl-7-(1-methylethyl)-, (4a.alpha.,7.beta.,8a.beta.)- (16.602min), 7-pentadecyne (16.659min) and 1,4-bis (trimethylsilyl) benzene (20.186min) respectively.
Keywords: Phytochemicals, Pteridophytes, GC-MS, Blechnum orientale, NIST
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).