Lallemantia royleana Benth. (Balangu): A Compendious Review on Phytochemistry, Pharmacology and Ethnomedicinal Uses
Lallemantia royleana Benth. is an annual, biennial or perennial herb, belonging to the family Lamiaceae, commonly known as Balangu. It is cultivated throughout Western Asia, India, Pakistan and Northern of Iraq. In Unani system of medicine it act as a Mudire Baul (Diuretic), Muqawwi Qalb (Cardiotonic), Musakkin (Sedative) etc and used for treatment of Nazla wa Zukam (Common cold) , Humma (Fever), Dard Mafasil (Joint pain), Hudar (Rheumatism), Amraze Gurda (Renal disorder), Zofe Qalb (Weakness of heart) etc. Traditional observation reports that this plant retains potential to cure infectious diseases. Nowadays, it is receiving substantial consideration by scientist and pharmaceutical research industries with the aim to explore for more effective substitute. The seeds contain linoleic, oleic, betasitosterol, palmitic and stearic acids, its gums are composed of L-rhamnose, L-arabinose, D-galactose, protein, uronic anhydride and are generally used for the treatment of abscesses, inflammation and respiratory problems, also used in drinks due to its sedative effects. This plant seems to possess many undiscovered pharmacological properties which have to be explored.
Keywords: Lallemantia royleana Benth, Unani medicine, Traditionl medicine.
2. Hayat MQ, Khan MA, Ahmad M, Shaheen N, Yasmin G and Akhter S. Ethnotaxonomical Approach in the Identification of Useful Medicinal Flora of Tehsil Pindigheb (District Attock) Pakistan. Ethnobot. Res. Appl. 2008, 6:035-062.
3. Ghannadi AR and Zolfaghari B. Compositional Analysis of the Essential Oil of Lallemantia royleana Benth. J. Flavour Fragr, 2003,18: 237- 239.
4. Morton JF. Mucilaginous plants and their uses in medicine. J.Ethnopharmacol. 1990, 29 (3) 245-66.
5. Zargari A: Medical plants, Tehran University Press, Iran (1980).
6. Razavi SMA, Mohammadi Moghaddam T, Mohammad Amini A: Physical-mechanical properties and chemical composition of Balangu seed, International Journal of Food Engineering, 2008, 4 (5).
7. Mohammad Amini A: Extraction optimization of Balangu seed gum and effect of Balangu seed gum on the rheological and sensory properties of Iranian flat bread, MSc thesis, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran, 2007.
8. Ghannadi AR and Zolfaghari B. Compositional Analysis of the Essential Oil of Lallemantia royleana Benth.J. Flav. Fragr, 2003; 18, 237-239.
9. Al-Zubaidy AM. Systematic study of the genera (Ajuga L.,Marrubium L.,Lamium L.) of Labiatae in Iraq Ph.D. thesis, college of science. University of Baghdad: 1998.
10. Dogruoz N, Zeybek Z and Karagoz A. Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Extracts. IUFS J. Biol, 2008; 67(1): 17-21.
11. Karsha PV and Lakshmi OB. Antibacterial activity of black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) with special reference to its mode of action on bacteria. Indian J. Nat. Prod. Resour. 2008, 1(2):213-215.
12. Samee H, Li ZX, Lin H, Khalid J, Guo YC. Anti-allergic effects of ethanol extracts from brown seaweeds. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. B.2009, 10(2):147-153.
13. Naghibi F, Mosaddegh M, Motamed SM and Ghorbani A. Labiatae family in folk medicine in Iran: from ethnobotany to pharmacology. Iran J. Pharm. Res.2005, 2:63-79.
14. Abdulrasool AA, Abdulmuttalib AN, Rahi FA. Application of seed mucilage extracted from Lallemantia royleana as a suspending agent. Iraqi J Pharm Sci. 2011, 20: 8-13.
15. Abbas M, Mehmood T, Bashir A, Zafar M and Afzal A. Economics of Lallemantia royleana (thukham-e-Balangoo) production in the low intensity cropping zone of the Punjab,Pakistan. Pakistan J. Agric. Res.2012, 25: 110-119.
16. Khare CP . Indian Medicinal Plants. An Illustrated Dictionary Springer-Verlag Heidelberg, 2007.
17. Dogruoz N, Zeybek Z, Karagoz A. Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Extracts. IUFS J. Biol. 2008, 67(1) 17-21.
18. Karsha PV and Lakshmi OB. Antibacterial activity of black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) with special reference to its mode of action on bacteria. Indian J. Nat. Prod. Resour. 2010,1(2):213-215.
19. Samee H, Li ZX, Lin H, Khalid J, Guo YC. Anti-allergic effects of ethanol extracts from brown seaweeds. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. B.2009, 10(2) 147-153.
20. Razavi SMA and Karazhiyan H. Flow properties and thixotropy of selected hydrocolloids, Experimental and modeling studies. Food Hydrocoll.2009, 23 (3):908-912.
21. Razavi SMA, Moghaddam TM. Influence of different substitution levels of Lallemantia royleana seed gum on textural characteristics of selected hydrocolloids. Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem.2011,10:2826-2837.
22. Abbas M, Mehmood T, Bashir A, Zafar M and Afzal A. Economics of Lallemantia royleana (tukham-ebalangoo) production in the low intensity cropping zone of the Punjab, Pakistan. Pak. J. Agric. Res.2012, 25:2.
23. Abdulrasool AA, Naseer AA and Rahi FA. Application of seed mucilage extracted from Lallemantia royleana as a suspending agent. Iraqi. J. Pharm. Sci. 2011, 20.
24. Mahmood, S., Hayat, M.Q., Sadiq, A and Ishtiaq, S. Antibacterial Activity of Lallemantia royleana (Benth.) Indigenous to Pakistan, Afri. J. Microbiol. Res.2013, 7 (31); 4006-4009.
25. Naghibi, F., Mosaddegh, M., Mohammadi, S and Ghorbani, A. Labiatae Family in Folk Medicine in Iran: from Ethnobotany to Pharmacology. Irani J. Pharm. Res.2005, 2, 63-79.
26. Cao Shu, B. Lallemantia L. In: Chun, X.K. [ed.], Flora of China, Lamiaceae. 1994, 17, 133-134.
27. Abbas, M., Mehmood, T and Arshed Bashir, A. Economics of Lallemantia royleana (Tukham-Ebalangoo) Production in the Low Intensity Cropping Zone of the Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Agric. Res.2012, (25); 2.
28. Kabirruddin, M. H. Makhzanul Mufridat Al Maroof Khawasul Advia, Deoband and, Faisal Publication. 2000, pp.489,490,481,482,138,139,355,356,115,116.
29. Hakeem, M. A. Bustan Al Mufridat. Musawwar Edition ed. New Delhi: Idara Kitabus-Shifa. 2011, pp.280,97,203,339,85.
30. Manoj K, Agarwal RC, Sanjay D, Rai VK and Benito J. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula Retz on gram positive and gram negative microorganisms. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research. 2009; 1(1)
31. Amin GR. Popular Medicinal Plants of Iran. Publications of Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran. 2005, 66-67.
32. Ghannadi A, Zolfaghari B. Compositional analysis of the essential oil of Lallemantia royleana (Benth. In Wall.) Benth. From Iran. Flavour Frag J. 2005,18: 237-239.
33. Safa O, Soltanipoor MA, Rastegar S, Kazemi M, Nourbakhsh Dehkordi Kh and Ghannadi A. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran. Avicenna J Phytomed. 2013, 3: 64-81.
34. Moghaddam TM, Razavi SMA and Emadzadeh B. Rheological interactions between Lallemantia royleana seed extract and selected food hydrocolloids. J. Sci. Food Agri. 2011; 91: 1083–1088.
35. Naghibi F. Labiatae family in folk medicine in Iran. Iranian J. Pharm. Sci. 2005; (1): 200-210.
36. Karcioglu L, Tanis H, Comlekcioglu N, Diraz E, Kirecci E and Aygan A. Antimicrobial Activity of Salvia trichoclada in Southern Turkey. Int. J. Agric. Biol.2011,13:134-136.
37. Kanakavalli K, Thillaivanan S, Parthiban P, Vijayalakshmi G, Sudha M and Sutha J. Anti-hyperlipidemic herbs in siddha system of medicine. Int J Pharma Sci. 2014, 4:541-545.
38. Shanmygam S, Manavalan R and Venkappayya D. Natural polymer and their application.Natural product radiance. 2005; 4(6): 478-481.
39. Rabi Atabaki and Majid Hassanpour-ezatti, Improvement of Lidocaine Local Anesthetic Action Using Lallemantia royleana Seed Mucilage as an Excipient. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2014, 13 (4): 1431-1436.
40. Anonymous, The Unani Pharmacopoeia of India. Part-Ι, Vol-VΙ, Govt of India Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Dept of AYUSH, New Delhi, 2009. pp. 86,87.
41. Preedy, V., Whatson, R.R. and patel, V.B. Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, (1st Edition). Academic Press. 2011,USA.
42. Anonymous, The Unani Pharmacopoeia of India. Part-Ι, Vol-VΙ, Govt of India Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Dept of AYUSH, New Delhi, 2009. pp. 86,87.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).