Standardization of Unani Drugs with Modern Analytical Parameters: A Necessary Step
Mankind have been always utilized their native flora, not only as a source of food but also use for shelter, fuel, clothing, chemical production and healthcare products since ancient time. Traditional medicine (Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy) and Yoga are gaining more and more attention all over the world, because of their long historic clinical practice and minimum side effects. Unani system of medicine also a part of traditional medicine, it also gaining more acceptability around the world, but to get the quality of the crude drugs and Unani formulations is still facing lacking of standardization. In this respect internationally recognition related with the quality is necessary. This can be achieved only if the herbal products are evaluated and analyzed using modern scientific tool and technologies of standardization.
In this article discuss the various standardization parameters like morphological characters, microscopic evaluation, fluorescence analysis, physicochemical evaluations-proximate analysis (Moisture, ash content), solubility value (alcohol soluble, water soluble and ether soluble), heavy metal analysis and chromatography of botanicals are included. In the present review, various sensory parameters of the plant material (such as colour, odour, size, shape, and taste) were also mentioned of organoleptic evaluation method.
Key words: Herbal medicine, Standardization, Quality control, Chromatography
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