Formulation and In Vitro Evaluation of Sun Protection Factor of Herbal Sunscreen Cream Containing Butea monosperma, Neolamarckia cadama and Punica granatum Extracts
Sun radiations are the primary source of light & energy and the main causative factor in various skin conditions such as sunburn, photoaging, skin cancer development.These harmful effects may be due to the production of free radicals(Reactive oxygen species). Physical sun protection is not sufficient to get rid of such unwanted changes skin appearance and physiology. Now a day’s cosmetics and pharmaceuticals are added with natural sunscreens protecting reagents to provide health benefit apart from beautification. The aim of the present study is to formulate and evaluate natural sun protective topical formulation comprising methanolic extract of Butea monosperma (Lam.) flower, Neolamarckia cadama (Roxb.) leaves and Punica granatum (Linn) peel. The formulated cream was evaluated for its Total flavonoid and phenolic content, In vitro sun protecting activity and physicochemical parameters. The Total flavonoid and Phenolic content were found to be 42.07 mg QE/g and 57.03 ± 3.06 mg GAE/g respectively. While the SPF values were found to be 1.75,2.94,3.87 for the concentration 20 µg/ml, 30 µ g/ml and 40 µ g/ml respectively. From the study we can conclude that cream containing herbal extracts will enhance the sun protection property and it will significantly contribute to UV absorbing property of conventional herbal sunscreen formulations. It will provide the great advantage of avoiding the adverse and undesirable effects pf synthetic compounds.
Keywords: Butea monosperma (Lam.),Neolamarckia cadama (Roxb.), Punica granatum (Linn), sun protection factor and antioxidant .
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).