A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Dalk (Massage) with Roghan Labub-E-Saba in the Control of Insomnia Disorder
Background: This pilot study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of Dalk (massage) with Roghan Labub-e-Saba (a local Unani formulation) in the control of Insomnia Disorder.
Methods: This Pilot study was done in the months of March and April of the year 2019. A before and after interventional study was done in which total 6 patients of Insomnia Disorder were selected, 3 patients were selected from the OPD of Majeedia Unani Hospital, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India and 3 patients were selected from the community of South Delhi, India. Patients were selected on the basis of subjective parameters and objective parameters of Insomnia Disorder as mentioned in DSM- V. The Patients were provided Dalk (Massage) with Roghan Labub- e- Saba on forehead and temporal region for 15 minutes daily for two weeks. The assessment was done before and after the intervention on the basis of standard methods of scoring specified for insomnia scales i.e. Athens Insomnia Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.
Results: Out of total 6 participants, 4 were male and 2 were female. The mean age of the participants was 30.67 years. All the participants showed significant improvement. . Massage with Roghan Labub-e-Saba was found effective in reducing insomnia and it was found statistically significant (0.0040* and 0.0003*).
Conclusions: Dalk (massage) therapy is the safe and good alternative modality of conventional sedative hypnotic medications in the control of Insomnia Disorder. It has also not been noted any adverse and addictive effects, therefore it can be used in long-term therapeutics.
Keywords: Insomnia Disorder, Sehar, Dalk, Massage, Ilaj Bil Tadbeer & DSM-V.
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