• Karima Abubakar Tunau Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Kehinde Joseph Awosan Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria


Background: The interplay of high fertility, low contraceptive use and high maternal mortality continues to decimate populations across sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine contraceptive use and family size preferences among rural women in Sokoto State, Nigeria.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in rural communities of Sokoto State, Nigeria, using both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. It involved interviews to a random sample of 202 women of child bearing age using semi-structured interviewer- administered questionnaires, and focus group discussions among women and men. The quantitative data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS version 17 computer statistical package; while the qualitative data were transcribed, sorted, categorized and analyzed thematically.

Results: The mean age of the women was 27.9 + 8.0 years, most of them had no formal education (85.6%) and were aged 14-19 years when they had their first pregnancy (84.2%). Of the 202 respondents only 10 (5.0%) were using modern contraceptives, most commonly pills 4 (40.0%), and injectable contraceptives 4 (40.0%). The main barriers to use of modern contraceptives were religious beliefs, desire for more pregnancies, poor understanding of FP concept/ disapproval by husbands; and lack of communication between couples. Almost all the respondents 197 (97.5%) preferred large family sizes and most of them 149 (73.8%) were willing to have as many children as possible.

Conclusion: These findings underscore the need for governments and other stakeholders to make female education the central focus of FP promotion programs, in addition to involving men and religious leaders.

Keywords: Contraceptive use, modern contraceptives, family size preferences, rural women, Sokoto 

Keywords: Contraceptive use, modern contraceptives, family size preferences, rural women, Sokoto


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Author Biographies

Karima Abubakar Tunau, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria


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How to Cite
Tunau K, Awosan K. CONTRACEPTIVE USE AND FAMILY SIZE PREFERENCES AMONG RURAL WOMEN IN SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA. JDDT [Internet]. 14Mar.2018 [cited 30Oct.2020];8(2):1-. Available from: