EVALUATION OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL STANDARDIZATION PARAMETERS OF SOLENA AMPLEXICAULIS LEAF
Solena amplexicaulis, commonly called as the creeping cucumber, belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae. Traditional it is used as astringent, appetizer, carminative, cardiotonic, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, invigorating, purgative and stimulant. Plant also having antioxidant antidiabetic and antibacterial action. The leaves showed potent anti-inflammatory activity.The present study was carried out to establish physico-chemical parameters along with preliminary phytochemical screening of petroleum ether, chloroform, methanolic and aqueous extracts ofÂ Solena amplexicaulis leaf. Preliminary phytochemical screening of various extracts revealed the presence of carbohydrate, alkaloids, flavonoids, sterols, phenolic & tannins compounds. The physico-chemical parameters such as total, water soluble, acid insoluble and sulphated ash (2.2, 1.9, 1.17 and 1.3%w/w respectively) and loss on drying (10.0 %w/w), extractive values foaming and swelling index were studied.Â Â These studies will be helpful in developing standards for quality, purity and sample identification of this plant.
Keyword: Standardization, Solena amplexicaulis, physicochemical and phytochemical.
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